The Amber Room is the pearl of the Catherine Palace and one of the most famous interiors created in the 18th century.
Amber Room was a unique piece of art from amber, which was called the eighth wonder of the world.
☞ In 1701, the Prussian king, after his coronation, commissioned the Danish carver for amber G. Tussaud to create an amber cabinet in Potsdam. Work lasted 8 years.
Mosaic and carving on amber – magnificent landscapes, figures, flower garlands – were executed with great skill, and to enhance the light effects under the amber slices, sliced silver foil.
- In 1712,Peter the Great stayed with the king and got acquainted with the Amber Room. Peter the Great admired their beauty of amber panels and did not hide that he wanted to get them. And in 1716 the Prussian king presented it to the Russian Tsar. This was a kind of payment for the security of the eastern borders of Prussia. However, during the life of the emperor, they were not installed, because there was not enough detail.
- After the death of Peter the Great, under the order of Queen Elizabeth, amber panels were installed in the Third Winter Palace, and then transferred to Tsarskoe Selo. In one of the rooms of the palace, the Amber Room was recreated anew.
- After the fascists captured Tsarskoye Selo, the Amber Room was inspected and highly appreciated by two German art officers, it was dismantled, packed in boxes and taken to Koenigsberg, where it was mounted in the upper floor of the royal castle and opened for free viewing.
- When the Russian troops advanced on Koenigsberg, the German command decided to evacuate the Amber Room, it was taken out and hidden. But where? It is still unknown.
☞ The restoration of the masterpiece began in the late 1970s and lasted almost 24 years, for this purpose, 7.85 million dollars was allocated from the Russian budget and 3.5 million dollars was sent to the German concern Ruhrgaz.
It was difficult to reproduce the true color of the fragments in black and white photographs. There was no information about the size of many details. In addition, over time, the color of amber varies. This is especially important when making figures from several pieces carefully selected by color. And, nevertheless, the work to restore the Amber Room has been successfully completed.
In May 2003, the Amber Room, which is often called the eighth wonder of the world, was solemnly opened and visitors saw this unique amber interior.